Whether knowingly or not, threat actors conduct a series of actions that we term the Hostile Events Attack Cycle.
Understanding and recognizing the variety of hostile event indicators is the foundation of prevention.
Reassessing risks and preparedness are important to do periodically based on evolving threats and events.
ISIS might target Pride celebrations around the world, and threats are not limited to international terrorism.
HEAC is an eight-phase cycle which can define the process attackers go through before conducting an attack, whether this is formal or informal, or whether they know it or not.
From tactical shifts to the nefarious players to what all that propaganda means, awareness for ISACs and ISAOs.
The success of the attack will be directly tied to the amount of planning and preparations made.
The details of each phase are important to understand to help assess security and possibly implement changes as needed.
Individuals repeatedly expose themselves to detection and disruption, whether they know it or not.