Two new disaster drones delivered telemedical packages to victims and rescue personnel in a simulated mass casualty event Tuesday at John Bell Airport in Bolton, Mississippi as a demonstration of the Telemedical Drone Project, known as HiRO (Health Integrated Rescue Operations), which was developed by Dr. Italo Subbarao, senior associate dean at William Carey University College of Osteopathic Medicine, and Guy Paul Cooper Jr., a fourth year medical student at WCUCOM.
Experts from Hinds Community College, in collaboration with Subbarao and Cooper designed and built both disaster drones, which are capable of carrying telemedical packages in adverse conditions.
"These drones have impressive lift and distance capability, and can be outfitted with a variety of sensors, such as infrared, to help locate victims," said Dennis Lott, director of the unmanned aerial vehicle program at Hinds Community College. "Working together, we’re able to develop, test, and bring this technology to the field. It is just a matter of time before the drones are universally adopted for emergency and disaster response toolkits."
The HiRO technology was debuted before an audience which included Mississippi Governor Phil Bryant and representatives from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), federal law enforcement agencies and the United Nations.
"Reaching the victims is the critical challenge in these situations. As an osteopathic physician, my goal was to find ways to help save lives,” and, “A medical drone is the bridge that delivers life-saving treatment directly to the victims, giving remote physicians eyes, ears and voice to instruct anyone on site,” said Subbarao, a nationally recognized expert in disaster and emergency medicine.
According to the announcement, “The concept arose when the two studied the medical response to the devastating EF-4 tornado that struck Hattiesburg, Mississippi in February 2013. In the past two years, they’ve developed multiple prototypes to support rural and wilderness medical emergencies, including the two newest iterations: ambulance drones designed to support victims and rescue personnel during mass shootings, bombings or other terrorist attacks.”
During the demonstration, two new telemedical packages were deployed, one for a severely injured victim and the other for a mass casualty setup capable of treating up to 100 people with significant to minor injuries. Both kits incorporated DHS recommendations provided through the "Stop the Bleed" initiative.
"The two highly advanced mobile telemedical kits provide immediate and secure access to a provider on the other end of the screen,” Cooper said, noting, “The package was designed for use in the chaos and confusion where guidance must be simple, direct and user friendly. We feel that the features in these kits empower the provider and bystander to save lives.”
According to the announcement, “When the critical care kit opens, the physician appears on video and can direct treatment. The kit includes Google Glass, which allow the wearer to be hands free and to move away from the drone while maintaining audio and visual contact with the physician.”
Photo: HiRO telemedical drone developed by Dr. Italo Subbarao, osteopathic emergency physician.