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Tuesday, September 26, 2023

Disputed Al Baghdadi Death Offers Glimpse of ISIS Adaptability

In early June, a Turkish newspaper reported that Abu Bakr Al Baghdadi, the leader of the Islamic State, also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), is dead. The report, which allegedly came from an ISIS-controlled website, is disputed.

Al Baghdadi has not been heard from since December 2015, when he issued an audio message. Since that time, rumors about his death have circulated in Iraqi, Kurdish, Turkish, Lebanese and other regional media on an almost weekly basis. In reality, the claims of Al Baghdadi’s death cannot be corroborated until we have a clear statement issued by an established entity, namely the Russian government, the United States government or a verifiable Islamic State source.

But what if these claims are true? Would they affect ISIS? Research by experts on what intelligence and security professionals call “decapitation” – namely, attempts to neutralize a terrorist or criminal group by killing its leader or leaders – is rarely effective, especially when they target religiously motivated militant groups. That is not to say that a possible death of Al Baghdadi will not affect the psychology of ISIS troops at a critical time, as they find themselves under persistent military attacks in Iraq, Syria and Libya. But decapitations are rarely game changers.

If Al Baghdadi is dead, much will depend on how ISIS handles the crisis and the level of unity within the organization. The survivability of groups like ISIS depends on their capacity to evolve according to changing conditions on the ground. For the past several years, ISIS has shown that it is capable of adapting its style of fighting to tactical requirements, for instance by using conventional military means in unconventional ways. It can be expected that the group will continue to adapt in response to changing circumstances.

Read the complete report in the August/September 2016 issue of Homeland Security Today Magazine.

Homeland Security Todayhttp://www.hstoday.us
The Government Technology & Services Coalition's Homeland Security Today (HSToday) is the premier news and information resource for the homeland security community, dedicated to elevating the discussions and insights that can support a safe and secure nation. A non-profit magazine and media platform, HSToday provides readers with the whole story, placing facts and comments in context to inform debate and drive realistic solutions to some of the nation’s most vexing security challenges.

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