The Bipartisan Policy Center has published a blog post which reveals the information that can be shared between DHS and other non enforcement government agencies.
It dispels fears that the citizenship question, which is likely to be included in the 2020 census, will lead to data being passed on to enforcement agencies with the purpose of deporting undocumented immigrants.
Federal law and interagency agreements set strict rules for what data the Census Bureau and other federal non-enforcement agencies1 can share with DHS and these constraints, designed to protect individuals’ privacy, seem to prevent DHS from using census responses to carry out immigration enforcement actions.
The blog post explains that DHS uses Information Sharing and Access Agreements (ISSAs) to gain access to other executive agencies’ information, which set the guidelines and procedures for information-sharing.
U.S. law establishes very clear and strict rules for information sharing between non-enforcement agencies such as the Census Bureau and DHS. Under 13 U.S.C. Section 9, information collected through the census, which will now include citizenship status, may only be used for the purpose of gathering statistics on the entire population in the United States, citizens or not.
The statute also states that information collected through the census cannot be used against an individual by a government agency, such as DHS.
See the full blog post here