Territorial Dispute Over CBP Contact with Canadian Fishing Vessels in Routine Patrols

The Canadian government is investigating reports that U.S. Border Patrol agents intercepted fishing vessels off the coast of Maine while searching for undocumented immigrants.

The Canadian Free Press reported that in June U.S. agents stopped at least 10 fishing vessels in waters near Machias Seal Island claimed by both countries, causing a centuries-old territorial dispute to resurface. The maritime region in dispute is known by local citizens as the Grey Zone, where people from both nations come to fish and farm lobsters.

Stephen Kelly, a Duke University research scholar and a former U.S. diplomat to Canada, told The Star that neither country officially accepts that a Grey Zone exists, which has spurred tensions as lobster farming has become more competitive in the past several decades.

Lawrence Cook, chairman of the advisory board for Lobster Fishing Area 38, told The Star newspaper that U.S. agents boarded the Canadian vessels to question the fishermen about possible undocumented immigrants.

“There’s been a bit of a misunderstanding there somewhere,” Cook told The Star. “They’re in international waters, so Border Patrol shouldn’t be boarding Canadian vessels.”

Cook also chastised U.S. authorities on social media, NBC News reported.

Kelly told The Star it is unlikely that U.S. agents boarded the vessels looking for undocumented immigrants, adding that the Gulf of Maine is not a major route for individuals attempting to enter the U.S. He said drug smuggling is a more common issue off the northeastern coastline.

Cook said local residents in New Brunswick province in Canada have spoken out against U.S. agents intercepting fishing vessels, viewing the agents as “typical American bullies.”

He added that it’s uncommon for Border Patrol agents to be in the area, which is usually patrolled by the U.S. Coast Guard.

A spokeswoman for U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) confirmed the encounters to NBC News, saying the encounters were routine checks and that the agents did not board the fishing vessels, but instead adjoined the vessels to ask questions.

“U.S. Border Patrol was conducting regular patrol [operations] to enforce immigration laws and other violations of federal law that they may encounter in the course of their duties,” the spokeswoman told NBC News. “…Border Patrol does not board Canadian Vessels in the Grey Zone without consent or probable cause and only conduct interviews as a vessel runs parallel to it, bow to stern.”

About 100,000 of the United States’ 11.1 million unauthorized immigrants in 2014 came from Canada, according to a 2014 analysis by Pew Research Center.

Global Affairs Canada said in a statement that “these incidents that occurred in Canadian waters” are under investigation.

Canadian government spokesman John Babcock said officials from both nations are conducting discussions about the recent incidents.

Read more at NBC News and The Star

Brad M. Allen is a young journalist from Janesville, Wisconsin. He is currently studying Political Journalism and Economics at George Mason University, and he has recently completed his eighth semester of college at UW-Whitewater, where he studies Journalism. He is slated to graduate from UW-Whitewater in December 2018. Brad has worked with two newspaper publications in the southern Wisconsin area, those being The Royal Purple student-run newspaper at UW-Whitewater and the Janesville Gazette daily newspaper. Thus far in his time at the Royal Purple, Brad has been a prominent member of the editorial team in several roles ranging from the Business section editor to Managing Editor. A fair portion of his reporting experience there has involved investigating federal policy and national issues and interviewing officials and economists in southern Wisconsin to boil those issues down to a local level. At the Janesville Gazette, Brad designs newspaper pages containing stories on various state, national and international issues. His job there involves reading and dissecting content written by organizations such as the Associated Press and Tribune News Services to choose which stories will be most relevant to readers in Janesville.

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